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Pubmed- Prevalence of acute dizziness and vertigo in cortical stroke

Posted: Sat Jun 12, 2021 11:05 am
by Health Reporter
Eur J Neurol. 2021 Jun 11. doi: 10.1111/ene.14964. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: In posterior circulation stroke, vertigo can be a presenting feature. However, whether isolated hemispheric strokes present with vertigo is less clear, despite a few single case-reports in the literature. Here we, a) explored the prevalence of vertigo/dizziness in acute stroke and, b) considered the cortical distribution of these lesions in relation to both the known vestibular cortex and evolution of these symptoms.METHODS: We conducted structured interviews in 173 consecutive unselected patients admitted to the hyperacute stroke unit at the University College London Hospitals. The interview was used to evaluate whether the patient was suffering from dizziness and/or vertigo before the onset of the stroke and at the time of the stroke (acute dizziness/vertigo), and the nature of these symptoms.RESULTS: 112 patients had subcortical lesions and 53 patients had cortical infarcts, of which 21 patients reported acute dizziness. Out of these 21, five patients reported rotational vertigo. 17 of the total 53 patients had lesions in known vestibular cortical areas distributed within the insular and parietal opercular cortices.CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of vertigo in acute cortical strokes was 9%, with no single locus of lesion overlap. There is growing evidence supporting a lateralised vestibular cortex, with speculation that cortical strokes affecting the right hemisphere, are more likely to cause vestibular symptoms than left-hemispheric strokes. We observed a trend for this association, with the right hemisphere affected in four of five patients who reported spinning vertigo at the onset of the stroke.PMID:34115915 | DOI:10.1111/ene.14964

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